Active Surveillance/Watchful Waiting
This is the name given to monitoring a diagnosed prostate cancer without actually treating it. It is popular with men over 70 who have been diagnosed with low grade cancers or who have other illnesses that make traditional treatments inappropriate. It is sometimes used for younger men with the lowest grade cancers who are reluctant to be treated for life-style reasons. These tumours can be safely watched, using six-monthly PSAs and yearly or second-yearly biopsies to ensure that they do not progress. The risk lies in the possibility that a cancer may progress to an incurable stage during watchful waiting.